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Crucial Components of a Sales Agreement: What Every Homebuyer Should Know

Blox Social
Posted on
Sep 22, 2023

So, you’ve found your dream home, arranged for the finances to purchase it, and are now ready to live your desired life carefree. But amidst all that, as a new or prospective home buyer, you must not let one critical part of the property purchase process go unnoticed: the sales agreement

The phrase ‘signed, sealed, and delivered’ holds true for most purchases of our life. But it takes on additional importance once we are ready to make probably the biggest financial commitment of our life: our home. This is where getting all the details right to become the ‘legal homeowner’ is paramount! Enter the ‘sales agreement’ – a critical document pertaining to the sale of the property between the buyer and the seller. Without it, you have no right over the property you might claim to be your home!

Thus, it is time to get the facts about the all-important sales agreement right: what is it exactly, what are its crucial components, and more. Let’s dive in!

The Preamble: What is a Sales Agreement?

Picture this – you've found your dream home, and the seller has agreed to your offer. You're on the brink of making it official, but there's one crucial step before the champagne corks pop – the sales agreement.

According to the definition, a sales agreement is a legally-binding document that validates the authenticity of a property’s ownership by defining the agreed-upon terms between the property buyer and the property seller. Alternatively, many also call it a purchase contract or a sales contract. In India, a sales agreement must be printed on non-judicial stamp paper. Do note that the value of the stamp duty varies by location. Thereafter, you need to register the sales agreement with the local sub-registrar office for legal validation.

Any mistakes in the sales agreement – or a missing sales agreement – can put a homeowner and the seller in a lot of legal soup. So, how do you ensure that doesn’t happen to you? By learning about the major components and details of a sales agreement.

Navigating the Document: Important Components of a Sales Agreement

Before we delve into the labyrinth of the sales agreement, let's ensure it's equipped with all the necessary gears. That means going through the list of its most vital components.

In every typical sale agreement, you are likely to find the following:

  • Parties Involved: The names, addresses, and legal identification of the buyer and seller. No pseudonyms allowed here!
  • Property Particulars: This component answers the questions like ‘what is the size and location of the property?’ or ‘what are the property’s dimensions?’ or ‘what all fixtures and appliances come with the property?’.
  • Consideration: For the uninitiated, the consideration is the mutually agreed-upon purchase price, which is the beating heart of the sales agreement. One can also find the payment schedule and mode here.
  • Token Amount: Also known as earnest money deposit, this is a critical component, as it denotes how serious your intention is to purchase the property. 
  • Conditions and Contingencies: This outlines any conditions that must be met for the sale to proceed, such as repairs, inspections, or other obligations. Contingencies also serve to protect the buyer in the event of certain conditions, such as backing out of the deal in case no home loan is obtained; renegotiating or cancelling the purchase if appraisal value is found to be lower than the agreed-upon price; or terminating or amending the agreement in case there are issues with respect to ownership transfer! 
  • Purchase Price: What is the final price agreed upon by the buyer and seller? This component denotes that as well as the method of payment.
  • Due Diligence Period: This is the stipulated timeline within which you as a home buyer can carry out all investigations and inspections.
  • Closing Date: Lastly, we have the official date on which transfer of property is to take place between the seller and the buyer. 

Apart from these components, a sales agreement generally also comprises allocation of closing costs and other fees, any legally-required disclosures, signatures of all parties, etc. 

Your Checklist: 5 Things to Check Before Signing a Sales Agreement

Before you put pen to paper, here's a handy checklist for your home purchase sales agreement:

  • Cross-Check Details: Ensure all information is accurate and up-to-date.
  • Property Inspection: Don your detective hat and inspect the property thoroughly.
  • Understand Contingencies: Know what's expected of both parties.
  • Payment Schedule: No surprises – clarify the payment schedule.
  • Seek Legal Counsel: When in doubt, consult a legal expert.


To sum up, a sales agreement is not only a legal document that protects property buyers and sellers, but also serves as a guide for the homebuying process. Once you have a thorough grasp of all its components and legal aspects, you can rest assured of completing the home purchase process smoothly. Ultimately, you can avoid the potential pitfalls of purchasing your dream home by following the terms and conditions to a T. 

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